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Analyse and reason of automobile batteries' failure and problems
     
 
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What needs to be remembered when handling batteries?
   

Recommendations, including those from the IEC:

  • Keep batteries out of the reach of children, especially those that may be ingested (IEC).
  • In the case of ingestion of a cell or battery the person involved should seek medical assistance promptly (IEC).
  • Equipment intended for use by children should have battery compartments which are tamper-proof (IEC).
  • The circuits of equipment designed to use alternative power supplies should be such as to eliminate the possibility of a primary battery being charged (IEC).
  • It is of extreme importance that batteries be inserted into equipment correctly with regard to polarity (IEC).
  • Do not attempt to revive used primary batteries by heating or other means. Primary batteries must not be charged as this can cause leakage, explosion or fire (IEC).
  • Recharge and maintain accumulators according to the manufacturer¡¯s instructions; employ only approved, high quality chargers designed for the intended battery system (PROSTAR).
  • Do not immerse batteries into water* and do not store them in a damp place; instead store them where it is dry and cool (*unless the packaging is absolutely water-tight) ( IEC).
  • Do not dispose of batteries in fire; do not try to open batteries or to solder or weld batteries yourself (IEC, PROSTAR).
  • Only use the type of battery recommended by the equipment manufacturer. Follow the instructions and symbols on the battery compartment (PROSTAR).
  • Do not short-circuit batteries (IEC).
  • Replace all batteries of a set at the same time (IEC).
  • Newly purchased batteries should not be mixed with used ones, batteries of different electrochemical systems, grades or brands should not be mixed either (IEC). This also applies to rechargeable batteries (PROSTAR).
 
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Working fundamentals
     
 
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Instructions for Auto Batteries
     
 
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General questions about automotive batteries
     
 
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Analyse and Reason of VRLA Batteries' Failure and Problems
     
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